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Don't be confused with subject and topic on Mandarin

In Mandarin, some sentences form a topic as well as a subject. For example, the following sentence starts with a topic before a subject.

这本书我看过了。

In this sentence, 这本书 is a topic and is a subject. Let's use more examples:

北京人们很多。
伙子胃很长。

If a sentence has either a topic or a subject but not both, you must detect whether it is a topic or a subject. For example:

我拍了三张照片。

This sentence can be read I took 3 photos.. However, it is possible this means I took 3 photos by pushing the shutter 3 times, or I went to a studio to be taken photos there 3 times.

Similarly, the following sentence:

我动手术了。

This is interpretable as I operated the surgery by myself, or the doctor operated the surgery on me.

Do NOT be confused with the topic and subject in Mandarin.

Don't be confused with subject and topic on Mandarin
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